Leasehold Reform Bill becomes law – what does this mean for the UK housing market?

In recent years, there has been growing concern over the fairness and transparency of this system, particularly regarding escalating ground rents and the lack of control leaseholders have over their homes. 

Lawrence Isaac | Construction and Projects Paralegal

What is the Leasehold Reform Bill? 

In May 2024, the UK government introduced a significant update to property law aimed at reforming the leasehold system. This reform is a critical step towards addressing longstanding issues faced by leaseholders and improving fairness in property ownership. The new measures, part of the Leasehold Reform (Ground Rent) Act, have been hailed as a transformative move for the housing market.  

Leasehold ownership in the UK has been a contentious issue for many years. Unlike freehold ownership, where the owner has outright ownership of the property and the land on which it stands, leasehold ownership means the buyer owns the property for a set period, usually decades or centuries, but not the land itself. The land remains owned by a freeholder (landlord), to whom the leaseholder must pay ground rent.  

In recent years, there has been growing concern over the fairness and transparency of this system, particularly regarding escalating ground rents and the lack of control leaseholders have over their homes. 


What are the key changes in the Leasehold Reform (Ground Rent) Act?  

The new law introduces several critical changes designed to protect leaseholders and create a more equitable housing market: 

  1. Abolition of Ground Rent for New Leases: One of the most significant aspects of the reform is the abolition of ground rents for new residential long leases. Ground rents will now be set to zero for new leases, meaning leaseholders will no longer face annual charges simply for occupying their property. This change aims to make owning a leasehold property more affordable and eliminate the practice of increasing ground rents. 
  2. Retrospective Application for Existing Leases: While the primary focus is on new leases, the government has also announced measures to help existing leaseholders. Those with onerous ground rent terms may benefit from a simplified process to renegotiate their leases, with potential support from an Ombudsman or other legal mechanisms to ensure fair treatment. 
  3. Enhancement of Leaseholder Rights: The reform strengthens the rights of leaseholders, giving them more power to challenge unfair practices and charges. This includes greater transparency requirements for freeholders and improved access to information about lease terms and conditions. 
  4. Support for Commonhold: Alongside leasehold reform, the government is promoting commonhold ownership as an alternative. Commonhold allows homeowners to own their individual flat or house outright, along with a share of the building or land’s common areas, without the need for a lease. This system is seen as more straightforward and fairer, eliminating many of the issues associated with leasehold ownership. 


What are the implications of the Leasehold Reform Bill on the housing market? 

These changes are expected to have profound implications for the UK housing market: 

  • Increased Affordability: By abolishing ground rents on new leases, the cost of owning a leasehold property will decrease, making homeownership more accessible. 
  • Fairer Practices: Leaseholders will have greater protection against exploitative practices, fostering a more transparent and fair market. 
  • Boost to Commonhold: Encouraging commonhold ownership may lead to a shift away from the leasehold model, promoting greater stability and equity in property ownership. 


Challenges and Future Considerations 

While the reforms are broadly welcomed, there are challenges ahead. Implementing retrospective changes for existing leases could be complex and contentious. Moreover, the transition to commonhold will require considerable education and adjustment within the property market. Continuous monitoring and adjustment of the new laws will be necessary to ensure they achieve their intended outcomes without unintended consequences. 


The Leasehold Reform (Ground Rent) Act marks a significant step forward in creating a fairer property market in the UK. By eliminating ground rents on new leases and strengthening leaseholder rights, the government is addressing longstanding inequities and paving the way for more sustainable and equitable homeownership models. As these changes take effect, they will undoubtedly reshape the landscape of property ownership, offering new opportunities and challenges for homeowners, freeholders, and the housing market at large. 


If you have any concerns about the Leasehold Reform Act and how it might affect you, please feel free to reach out to one of the members of our real estate department.  


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